Part 2 – Installing Anti-Spyware and AntiVirus Software, Keeping them Up to date! Abe, what exactly is Spyware, Adware, Malware and Viruses? Spyware, Adware, and Malware are software programs that get installed on your computer without your permission or consent. Sometimes, these applications get installed WITH your consent but without your knowledge. How can that be, you may ask! Have you ever installed that cool game you found online that had the multiple installation dialog boxes where you just click NEXT, NEXT, NEXT, NEXT, FINISH buttons. Well, more often than not one of those dialogs could be asking you if you want to install a second program, a random toolbar, or other Spyware/Adware application. They usually default the checkbox to saying “Yes, Please Install”. You don’t see it because you are so eager to play that new game you just downloaded. Viruses, Trojans, and Worms are a lot nastier than the latter. A virus is a program that can copy itself over and over again by infecting itself in your operating system or in an application like Microsoft Office. When infected, your computer could simply start running slower or crash completely. Worms work similarly however, they move from computer to computer exploiting vulnerabilites of unpatched systems. Trojans are malicious programs that users download under the guise of them being useful. So, you probably have a AntiSpyware/AntiVirus program to combat all of these evil-doing programs! Well great! However, if they are not up to date or not running at all, they won’t help you much. Always make sure that your AntiVirus program is running in the Windows Notification tray and is active. You may also double click on the icon and check the date of when the last definition files were updated. Don’t have a AntiVirus or a AntiSpyware program? I suggest using Avast! Antivirus. It is free to use for non-commercial use. For small businesses, I recommend either Vipre AntiVirus or Symantec Endpoint Protection. For AntiMalware/AntiSpyware, I suggest Malwarebytes. Also, free to use for non-commercial use. However, they do have Malwarebytes licenses for small business use too. Let me know in the comments if you have any questions! Stay Tune next week, where we will learn how to remove unused applications, remote temp files, and set your hard disk free!! Same Abe The Computer Guy time — Same Abe The Computer Guy place!